“Connecting with Consumers Using Deep Metaphors.
Famous brands have an emotional meaning that taps into thoughts and feelings related to the positive aspects of transformation, according to Gerald Zaltman and Lindsay Zaltman, authors of Marketing Metaphoria: What Deep Metaphors Reveal about the Minds of Consumers (HBS Press 2008). Transformation is just one metaphor that finds expression in products that satisfy deeply held consumer needs and desires. Other metaphors they notice include balance, journey, and connection”. Martha Lagace, http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5871.html
To learn is to connect. To connect is to solve a problem, recognize or see the pattern and in the process the solution emerges. The learning resultant from problem solving, accumulated knowledge, catalyzes development and growth.
Some learning is possible only through parables or stories. Stories synchronise brains. The story outlines that follow can be used to develop the connecting, catalyzing and reflecting skills. A story acts like a map, a metaphor and can be used to connect the internal and external territories to unearth something that people already know at deeper levels.
E.g. connectivity and the structure of silicates, maps and meta maps, programs and meta programs, competencies and meta competencies, archetypes and design
1. Story of One , Differently Abled Child and the Teacher
2.Mental maps – Eagle’s gift
Thinking about what we can’t think about
The eagle nests on the tallest tree
The tree is by the side of a very deep well
In the well is a community of frogs. The well is so deep that the frogs have never been out of the well.
As the sun sets and the darkness rushes into the well, the little ones in the community crowd around the nanny frog pestering her for stories. May be she will repeat one of those stories, yet it is still very comforting at the time when the shades of grey drives out th world of light darkness takes over.
Darkness is yet to take over the tree tops. It is very rare that it happens, once in a while when the sky is completely clouded and stars are invisible.
At times the eagle listens to the familiar stories. Over the years of its immortal life, it has heard them many times over, many versions of the same stories over many generations. There is nothing new about the stories other than it is almost a ritual that disturbs it in some way.
It is another day
The thermals are forming. The eagle is waiting for the thermals to gather force. It is quite strong now.
The eagle swoops down into the well, grabs the nanny frog with its claws and rise up from the well into the sky assisted by the thermal moving up at a frightening pace.
The heights and the fear of death overtakes the frog. It shuts it’s eyes tight and wait for the inevitable.
The eagle has reached the heights and hovers there circling in the sky. It goes round and round for a long long time. It senses that the frog has quieted down and has opened its eyes. The thermal is waning. It gently floats down once again into the well and gently leaves the frog from where it has been taken for a ride.
On the return journey the frog had just a glimpse of the larger world outside the well.
The eagle goes back to the tree and waits for the sun to set waiting for the story of the day.
What will be the story of the day?
The participants are to write down a story and the trainer gives the feedback based on participants’ stories. Switch the roles of Eagles and trainers so that trainers don’t come to assume that they are the eagles. One has to be an eagle and at times a frog depending on the context.
The human condition is like that of the frog in the well. The mental maps are influenced by the ‘well’ we live in. They are improved with every bit of learning. The developmental process involves revision and improvement of the mental models or maps. Facilitators play a very critical role and to fulfil these roles they need to have the necessary competencies.
3. The Chandrasekhar Effect.
Chandrasekhar is a very saintly soul who has a weakness for liquor. One morning we found him in front of his regular hangout. Chandrasekhar was relieved to meet some familiar faces. He came out with a question which he wanted to ask somebody who is familiar. Even at this stage he was aware that his condition might make him ask stupid questions and he did not want to be humiliated. The question was “Where am I?” We take the most fundamental for granted which takes us farther away from reality. When our basic assumptions, the home position, are wrong it is certain that we will reach some place where we never wanted to be. Any process of improvement calls for fixing a starting position, deciding on the direction and reflecting/review with reference to the starting position. A large number of people were asked this question as to what our basic needs are and the first reply is always the text book answer, “food, shelter, and clothing”. But for the person who has decided that life itself is meaningless none of these matter. If they are asked to respond to a question like “How many sides the coin has?” the answer is always the same – two, though with a little bit of clarification they will soon shift their original positions. One of the obstacles, as old as history and symbolized in the story of Babel, to reaching a solution to the issue is the semantic confusion and that there is very little convergence between the domains that have the potential to offer solutions.
4. Blind men and the elephant
5. Don’t shoot the messenger
6. Mahabali and Vamana
7. Taj Mahal / cathedral Building
Emperor Shajahan asked the same question to the three stonecutters. “What are you doing?”
The three answers are:
“I am earning a living”,
“I am polishing stones, and I am the best stonecutter available”
“I am building a monument which is an expression of the love of the emperor to his beloved and this stone that I am polishing will be the corner stone of the monument”
It is obvious that the third mason is more likely to meet the standards for quality and quantity and that if all the three are to meet these and other standards – of effectiveness, excellence and zero defects – the third mason’s vision is to be shared. When we work more and more with intangibles and the slave driver is replaced by one’s own self this becomes all the more difficult but essential to keep the network as one, connected.
9. Indra and the pigs – Resistance to change.
Indraonce transformed himself into a pig just to find out why pigs enjoyed wallowing in the mud. He remained there till Narada searched him out and compelled him to go back to his former self. It is quite possible that we get stuck with poor performance and come to accept that this as the limit of our possibilities till a compelling experience/crisis or vision might lift us out of the situation.
10. Frog soup
A frog is placed in a bowl of cold water. Turning on a heater gently warms the water. The frog initially enjoys the warmth and feels comfortable. The increase in warmth is so gentle that the frog does not notice it. The warmth gradually increases; the frog falls into a stupor and eventually turns into frog soup. The opposite possibility is that of continual renewal, to respond creatively to the process on a real time basis.
The story is quoted in two of the popular books on management, The Renewal Factor (Waterman) and The Fifth Discipline (Peter M Senge). The frog in the cold water initially enjoys the increasing warmth of water in which it is immersed and by the time it is unbearable it is immobilized and incapable of escape from death. The process of continual renewal is the opposite of this whereby individuals, institutions or a community continually respond to the environment and improve their contexts. The process is qualitatively different and most often ignored in the preoccupation with the short term. U.S. companies now lose half their employees every four years, half their customers in five, and half their investors in less than twelve months[ii]. The returns on investment, yield rate of stocks, market capitalisation or increase in value of ESOP by themselves are not sufficient measures of success. Corporates need to be concerned about the internal as well as the broader external community also, other than the shareholders and the targeted market segments.
11. The Cannon Shot/The Two Roads
What we believe as maturity, normal, is a HABIT, history, the roadblock.
The system at physical birth is comparable to the bullet that leaves the barrel of a gun.
The bullet is helpless to influence its trajectory.
Most systems, individuals or institutions seldom go beyond this level without that choice, a conscious decision to evolve, becoming aware of the position, direction and reflecting on the progress.
When it happens the bullet goes into orbit.
The linear is the road by default, the road to death, accidents, burnout and the road on which time runs out.
The other is the road to eternity, continual renewal and timelessness by CHOICE, the conscious decision to be on the road to continual IMPROVEMENTs, creating the future NOW, by DESIGN, a future better than the present.
The cannon shot does not have the potential to become aware of it’s self. Individuals and organizations have the unique capability of self-observation and self regulation which implies the possibility of improvement. This is what qualifies us to be termed human. The cannon shot that goes out of the cannon has no possibility of becoming aware of itself and the outcome is already determined at the moment of its departure from the cannon. But the more advanced of human creations like those of sophisticated machines do have more and more of self-regulation built into them. Thus in the case of space vehicles and satellites, extent of self-regulation and the possibility of controlling the behavior of the system from outside the system increases. The extent of self-regulation, the possibility of reflecting on one’s behavior and even laugh at it, is what draws us apart as a class, from the rest of the systems. In the case of the cannon shot gravity operates mercilessly and ultimately the shot is overtaken by it when the shot reaches terra firma. In the case of individuals and organizations, it is the vision that keeps them going. The vision is liable to be corrupted and needs to be renewed continuously. Just as gravity operates continuously, the forces of decay too is natural to all systems. In nature decay and renewal are continuous and it follows that for organizations to sustain growth, the effort at renewal too needs to be continuous’.
12. Ashram and the prophets- Leadership, Creating and Renewing Vision and Shared Values.
There is an ashram in which four sanyasins struggle to make both ends meet. There has been a golden time for the ashram when crowds used to flock together to the ashram but now the ashram has fallen on bad times with no visitors and no income. One of the sanyasins hit upon the idea of visiting another sanyasin in a distant place to seek help. They set out on the journey together, meet the sanyasin and present the problem. The sanyasin sends them back with just one piece of advice – One of you is a prophet. The sanyasins are not able to find out who the prophet is but over time the ashram renews itself and recovers the lost glory. ”.
13. First monkey – Creative communities
There live a community of monkeys in an island. They had never eaten the nuts of a particular tree. A curious little monkey picked up one of these nuts, dips it in seawater and eats it. It finds that the nut is very delicious. Rest of the monkeys slowly follows the little monkey one by one. Eventually the nut becomes a common meal for all the monkeys and when a critical number of monkeys pick up this habit, the behavior spreads all throughout in no time, all over the world. The group soon emulates the behavior of the first monkey. When the group size crosses a certain critical mass, the new behavior is manifested globally without any apparent interconnections. Something, which was beyond the realm of possibility, has now become possible and collective learning results. The phenomenon is observed in many other situations also. Fostering individual creativity within the organizational community is integral to continual renewal. Besides, the context now offers the possibility of creative individuals to make much larger global impact. The typical examples are the emergence and growth of startup IT ventures during the last two decades.
14. The Imperial Chill – Daniel Quinn
15. Sheet of Rubber and the Football – Centralization and decentralization, Yes and No, Static / Dynamic
16. Caterpillar and the Butterfly, Seed to Tree, Cream to Butter, Ahalya, Pygmalion and Galatea , Rama and Ahalya
17. Less is more
18. Complex vs simple
19. Blindness, Seeing, Jose Saramago
20. Magister Ludi, Herman Hesse
Mastery of time involves going beyond the ordinary or common to the transcendental experience of time. The common understanding is very essential to deal with the day to day world but this is never the complete story. It is only a partial truth (illusion). Time /timelessness is another duality, gate, to learning the direct (mystic) experience, freeing one from the entanglement of a linear experience of time.There is nothing linear about nature. Linear time kills in many ways. Timelessness, eternity, is a common experience if one reflects over those experiences when time stood still, while you were in love vs. waiting for a P breakts
22. Timelessness/Real time
What black is to white is time to timelessness, as memory is to forgetting
Linear time meets memory at ground zero
To beget the NEW
As the eagle soars up in the sky details get blurred
But the essential is not lost
It swoops down faster to the goal.
Knows when to strike and when to sail
To switch between time and timelessness
What to gather and to leave behind
Complete the learning so as to forget
Learn history so that history is not repeated
Both personal and collective, for the flow of life to go on
Bury the dead so that renewal rules, not death and decay
Free the ground for the dance of eternity – timelessness
23. Habit/New habits
Transcend habits by more powerful habits.
Habit is history that keeps us stuck. Even death is a habit and fear of death is the mother of all fears which drives many businesses. Resistance creates resistance. If the child wants to touch fire we can tell her don’t do it – a sure fire way of achieving what we never wanted. Instead show her the butterfly. Her attention is shifted to something beautiful. Big time improvement strategists play the latter game. They don’t preach change. They play the game of radical improvement through which people come together as one, in relationships, internal and external alignment, creating history. In the process we move forward, get unstuck. Everyone wins and none loses.
Amor is the Roman god of love. The root from Sanskrit ‘amar’ means immortal and ‘amrut’ is that which makes one immortal – knowledge. Work is love expressed – Kahlil Gibran. The path to immortality, exceptional performance, is possible only through transformation of work as expression of the self, an expression of love
24. The Light House Position. What is your call?
We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence is then not an act but a habit – Aristotle
Juggling with P’s – The Picture of Philosophy
- The Power of Storytelling by Jim Holtje, Prentice Hall Press
- The Leader’s Guide to Storytelling by Stephen Denning, Jossey-Bass
- Tell to Win by Peter Guber, Crown Business
- Resonate by Nancy Duarte, John Wiley & Sons
- Storybranding by Jim Signorelli, Greenleaf Book Group
- Winning the Story Wars by Jonah Sachs, Harvard Business School Press